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A tear or sprain of the anterior cruciate ligament is known as an anterior cruciate ligament injury (ACL).
A wide range of knee disorders can be diagnosed and treated with this treatment.
A tiny camera called an arthroscope is inserted into the knee joint during a knee arthroscopy treatment.
The inserted camera will provide images on a video monitor, which the surgeon will use to guide miniature surgical instruments.
The surgeon can utilise very small incisions instead of the larger incisions required for open surgery because the surgical equipment and arthroscopy are thin.
Patients experience less discomfort and joint stiffness as a result, and the time it takes to recover and resume normal activities is often reduced.
If you’re suffering from a painful ailment that hasn’t responded to nonsurgical treatment, you’ll be advised to have a knee arthroscopy. In that situation, an arthroscopy is a good technique for doctors to determine the source of knee discomfort and treat it. If you experience any of the following symptoms, your doctor may consider an arthroscopy:
Many orthopaedic surgeons recommend a tailored arthroscopy preparation regimen, which may include moderate workouts.
Any prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) medications that the patient is taking should be discussed with the doctor.
Prior to surgery, the patient may need to cease taking certain drugs.
The patient must fast for up to 12 hours before the treatment, especially if general anaesthesia will be used.
The doctor will give the patient a lot of information on what he or she can eat and drink.
Some doctors may also write a prescription for pain medicine ahead of time.
This prescription should be filled before the surgery so that the patient is prepared for recovery.
You will be put under anaesthetic for an arthroscopic surgery.
The type of anaesthetic you’ll receive is determined on the joint and the ailment that your surgeon detects.
It could be general anaesthesia or an injection into your spine by your doctor.
Your surgeon may additionally numb the area where the procedure is being performed.
First, the surgeon will make a small cut (incision) the size of a buttonhole and insert special pencil-thin equipment.
The surgeon will then examine the joint with an arthroscope, which contains a camera lens and a light.
On a monitor, the camera displays an image of the joint.
To make it easier to see through the joint, your surgeon will expand it by filling it with sterile fluid.
Your surgeon will examine the inside of the joint, identify the problem, and determine what type of surgery, if any, is required.
If surgery is required, your surgeon will use other special tools to cut, shave, grip, and anchor stitches into bone through other small incisions called portals.
If your surgeon determines that traditional, “open” surgery is required to fix the problem, it will be performed concurrently with your arthroscopic surgery.
After that, the surgeon will remove the arthroscope and any attachments before using special tape or stitches to heal the wound.
Following your surgery, you may have joint pain.
Your doctor may prescribe pain relievers for you.
He or she may also recommend aspirin or other blood thinners to prevent blood clots.
Crutches, a splint, or a sling may be required to help you heal.
Compared to open surgery, this procedure usually results in reduced joint pain and stiffness.
It also takes less time to recover.
The arthroscopy tools were put into your body through small puncture incisions.
You may be able to remove the surgical bandages the next day and replace them with tiny strips to cover the incisions.
After a week or two, your doctor will remove the non-dissolvable stitches.
Your wounds will heal, but you’ll need to keep the area as dry as possible while they do.
When you shower, cover them with a plastic bag to prevent them from coming into touch with water.
When you get home, your doctor will advise you what activities you should avoid.
Within a few days of surgery, you should be able to resume your normal routine.
After arthroscopic surgery, the risks and complication rate are quite minimal.
If issues arise, they are usually mild and treatable with ease.
Following arthroscopy surgery, you may have the following postoperative complications: