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EdhaCare - Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Surgery In India


Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Surgery - Overview

A hole in the heart, commonly known as an atrial septal defect (ASD), is a congenital cardiac condition that affects babies from birth.

When there is a hole in the upper chamber of the heart, this is a type of congenital heart defect that requires atrial septal defect surgery to correct.

Small flaws may close on their own throughout infancy or early childhood, despite the fact that this ailment has been present since birth.

Large and long-lasting flaws, on the other hand, can harm the patient's heart and lungs, making it critical to correct them as soon as possible.

Adults who have been living without an ASD diagnosis for decades there are higher chances of heart failure or high blood pressure which can ultimately affect the arteries in the lung.

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Surgery - Symptoms

There may be no obvious indications or symptoms in the early stages for newborns born with ASD. Some adults may begin to display symptoms by the age of 30, while others may not show signs until decades later. Excess blood flow from an ASD that does not shut on time can be dangerous to the heart and overall health.

The following are some of the most common signs:

Failure of the right side of the heart - Because the right side of the heart tends to overwork and compensate for the deficiency by pumping extra blood to the lungs, it may eventually tyre out and cease working.

Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeats) - Extra blood flowing to the right upper chamber may cause the atrium to grow and stretch over time, resulting in arrhythmia.

Stroke - Blood clots can sometimes be filtered out by the lungs and then go to the heart. There is a greater risk of stroke if they migrate from the right chamber to the left due to ASD and then the clot is pumped into the body.

Pulmonary Hypertension - People who have excessive blood pressure in their pulmonary arteries should contact a doctor right once.

Other indicators of ASD include shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, respiratory infections, and the ability to feel the heartbeat or hear a murmur in the heart.

It's advisable to see a cardiac surgeon as soon as you detect any of the aforementioned symptoms so that you can undergo treated for an atrial septal defect right away.

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Surgery - Pre-Procedure

Before beginning treatment, your surgeon will conduct a comprehensive physical examination and evaluate all of your test results to confirm that you are a good candidate for ASD surgery.

Before the surgery, make sure to follow all of your doctor's directions and take all of the drugs prescribed to you.

The following are some examples of common tests:

  • Blood Test
  • Chest X-Ray
  • ECG
  • EKG
  • Imaging Studies

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Surgery - During Procedure

Under general anaesthesia, an ASD repair is performed by a senior experienced cardiac surgeon and his team. This operation can be done in two ways, and the surgeon will choose the best one for you based on your diagnosis.

Transcatheter Procedure - The surgeon will use the groyne to implant a thin flexible tube known as a catheter into your body.

The surgeon is able to successfully guide the tube to the heart using echocardiography (sound waves to create moving heart images) and angiography (dye and x-rays to highlight the coronary arteries). When it arrives at its destination, it closes the opening and the catheter is removed.

The doctor may recommend open cardiac surgery to address premium ASD (a hole in the lower part of the atrial septum) and sinus venosus ASD (hole in the upper part of the atrial septum).

In order to reach the heart properly, the surgeon creates an incision in the chest. The hole in the heart is then appropriately blocked with a specific patch. A heart-lung machine is also used to support the patient throughout this treatment.

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Surgery - Post-Procedure

  • Recovery from Atrial Septal Defect heart surgery is significantly faster and easier.
  • After surgery, the patient is transferred from the ICU to a regular room within a day or two.
  • The drainage tubes are removed by the doctor the morning following surgery.
  • After one or two days, the pacing wires are withdrawn.
  • The pacing wires may be continued for a longer time if the doctor observes an abnormal heartbeat.
  • Patients can return home after 3-4 days, but they must exercise additional caution and take extra precautions in order to protect their heart health.
  • To prevent blood clots, most doctors advise patients to refrain from taking aspirin for at least six months after surgery.

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Surgery - Risk & Complications

In most cases, there are fewer dangers, and an atrial fibrillation can be avoided. Septal defect repair can be done successfully without a lot of difficulties or risks. The patient's future health can be predicted based on when the problem was discovered. Following surgery, children live long and healthy lives and return to normalcy within a year or two.

However, the following are some possible post-surgery complications:

  • Heart failure or a stroke that occurs unexpectedly
  • The wound is infected
  • Excessive Bleeding, commonly known as endocarditis, is a type of heart infection
More information

Due to medical advancements and cost-effective packages, India has become a well-known location for medical tourism for atrial septal defect treatment.

International visitors can schedule their operations and stay in India at a lower cost than in other countries such as Europe, the United Kingdom, or the United States, and receive comparable care for a quarter of the cost.

The approximate cost would be $6,500 - $11,000, with a 7-14 day length.

You might choose a super specialty hospital in one of India's major cities to ensure the patient's treatment, care, and comfort, as well as the family's peace of mind.

If you have any concerns or questions about the treatment, please contact us.