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A brain tumour is a collection of abnormal cells in your brain.
Your skull, which protects your brain, is extremely stiff.
To remove your brain tumour, different types of surgery and doctors utilise different instruments and methods.
Any growth in such a small region can cause issues in the brain.
This can be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign).
For greater access to the intracranial area of the brain, the method for brain tumour surgery involves removing a portion of the patient's skull.
The operation can help remove the tumour totally or partially, depending on where it is placed and how accessible it is.
In cases of partial removal, the patient might also need chemotherapy or radiation to post the brain tumour surgery.
Some of the most common signs and symptoms of a brain tumour include:
A tumour surgery will be recommended by your neurosurgeon to treat a brain tumour as well as to:
Before operating on the tumour, your surgeon will propose a biopsy to determine the type of tumour, and then, based on the results of the tests, determine the best course of action for brain surgery or brain tumour therapy.
The biopsy is normally a one day procedure that takes place in the hospital's daycare centre.
Your surgeon will give you the following instructions once the treatment plan is complete:
A reputable neurosurgeon and his competent team undertake brain tumour surgery under general anaesthesia.
Because this is such a complicated procedure, it can take anywhere from 4 to 8 hours to complete.
The steps involved in the surgical procedure are as follows:
The surgeon will shave the region of the head that has to be operated on and thoroughly cleanse the skin.
The surgeon will next put an IV line in the arm, as well as a urinary catheter to drain the pee both during and after the treatment.
The surgeon will create an incision behind the ear to the nape of the neck or in another region as directed by the treatment plan, depending on the type of procedure.
In the case of endoscopic procedures, the incisions are generally smaller.
After that, the surgeon will pull the scalp back to gain access to the brain.
The skull may be cut down with a drill or a medical saw.
The bone flap is then removed, and the thick covering beneath the bone is separated from the bone, allowing fluid to drain.
The tumour is then uncovered, and the surgeon uses specialised tools to delicately remove it.
The only partial tumour is excised if it is not totally accessible.
The bone flaps are reattached with medical plates and screws once the tumour has been completely removed.
Following that, the incision is sutured and a bandage is put.
The patient is admitted to the hospital for one or two weeks post the brain tumour surgery.
If only a portion of the tumour is removed, patients may need chemotherapy or radiation right after surgery to eradicate any cancer cells that remain in the brain.
After surgery, the patient may experience mild swelling in the brain in many circumstances.
The doctor's team will keep a close eye on the patient after surgery to verify that the brain and body are in sync.
For example, pupils are tested with a flashing light in the eyes, and arm and leg strength is examined on a regular basis.
Once the patient is discharged, the doctor will recommend:
Patients usually need at least 2-3 months to recover completely after this procedure.
Brain tumour surgery is a major procedure that carries a number of risks and problems.
Before the operation, the surgeon will go through all of the benefits and drawbacks with the patient, as well as explain the severity of the dangers involved.
The following are some of the known complications: