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EdhaCare - BraIn Tumor Surgery In India


Brain Tumor Surgery - Overview

A brain tumour is a collection of abnormal cells in your brain.

Your skull, which protects your brain, is extremely stiff.

To remove your brain tumour, different types of surgery and doctors utilise different instruments and methods.

Any growth in such a small region can cause issues in the brain.

This can be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign).

For greater access to the intracranial area of the brain, the method for brain tumour surgery involves removing a portion of the patient's skull.

The operation can help remove the tumour totally or partially, depending on where it is placed and how accessible it is.

In cases of partial removal, the patient might also need chemotherapy or radiation to post the brain tumour surgery.

Brain Tumor Surgery - Symptoms

Some of the most common signs and symptoms of a brain tumour include:

  • Unexplained vomiting or nausea
  • Seizures or fits
  • Vision issues like blurred vision, double vision or peripheral vision
  • Sleep or memory problems
  • Constant headaches that get more frequent and severe with time
  • Change in the pattern of headaches

A tumour surgery will be recommended by your neurosurgeon to treat a brain tumour as well as to:

  • Diagnose the exact type of brain tumour
  • Insert a ventricular access device or a medicated plastic capsule
  • Insert chemotherapy chips in the patient's brain
  • Properly administer the cancer drugs given to the patient

Brain Tumour Surgery - Pre-Procedure

Before operating on the tumour, your surgeon will propose a biopsy to determine the type of tumour, and then, based on the results of the tests, determine the best course of action for brain surgery or brain tumour therapy.

The biopsy is normally a one day procedure that takes place in the hospital's daycare centre.

Your surgeon will give you the following instructions once the treatment plan is complete:

  • Before the surgery, you should fast for 8 to 10 hours.
  • Stop taking blood thinning medication at least 10 days before the procedure.
  • Hair should be washed and dried at least one day prior to surgery so that your head can be shaved appropriately.

Brain Tumor Surgery - During Procedure

A reputable neurosurgeon and his competent team undertake brain tumour surgery under general anaesthesia.

Because this is such a complicated procedure, it can take anywhere from 4 to 8 hours to complete.

The steps involved in the surgical procedure are as follows:

The surgeon will shave the region of the head that has to be operated on and thoroughly cleanse the skin.

The surgeon will next put an IV line in the arm, as well as a urinary catheter to drain the pee both during and after the treatment.

The surgeon will create an incision behind the ear to the nape of the neck or in another region as directed by the treatment plan, depending on the type of procedure.

In the case of endoscopic procedures, the incisions are generally smaller.

After that, the surgeon will pull the scalp back to gain access to the brain.

The skull may be cut down with a drill or a medical saw.

The bone flap is then removed, and the thick covering beneath the bone is separated from the bone, allowing fluid to drain.

The tumour is then uncovered, and the surgeon uses specialised tools to delicately remove it.

The only partial tumour is excised if it is not totally accessible.

The bone flaps are reattached with medical plates and screws once the tumour has been completely removed.

Following that, the incision is sutured and a bandage is put.

Brain Tumor Surgery - Post-Procedure

The patient is admitted to the hospital for one or two weeks post the brain tumour surgery.

If only a portion of the tumour is removed, patients may need chemotherapy or radiation right after surgery to eradicate any cancer cells that remain in the brain.

After surgery, the patient may experience mild swelling in the brain in many circumstances.

The doctor's team will keep a close eye on the patient after surgery to verify that the brain and body are in sync.

For example, pupils are tested with a flashing light in the eyes, and arm and leg strength is examined on a regular basis.

Once the patient is discharged, the doctor will recommend:

  • Exercise on a regular basis with the help of a physiotherapist
  • Heavy lifting should be avoided for a few weeks after surgery.
  • Deep breathing exercises reduce the risk of pneumonia by expanding and contracting the lungs.
  • To avoid blood clots in the legs and speed up the recovery process, walk around for a few minutes.

Patients usually need at least 2-3 months to recover completely after this procedure.

Brain Tumor Surgery - Risk & Complications

Brain tumour surgery is a major procedure that carries a number of risks and problems.

Before the operation, the surgeon will go through all of the benefits and drawbacks with the patient, as well as explain the severity of the dangers involved.

The following are some of the known complications:

  • Meningitis
  • Cerebrospinal fluid leakage
  • Repeated seizures after the surgery
  • Formation of blood clots in the brain or other body parts
  • In some rare cases, paralysis or memory loss
  • Brain haemorrhage (bleeding in the brain)
  • Swelling in the brain
  • Pneumonia or infection in the lungs