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A kidney transplant is required for kidney failure, often known as an end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A kidney transplant is a surgical operation used to treat kidney failure. Transplantation is the best treatment for persons with kidney failure since it increases the patient's chances of living a longer, healthier life. The kidneys filter waste from the blood and excrete it through urine, as well as maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance in the body. When your kidneys stop working, waste builds up in your body, making you very sick. If your kidneys are close to failing, you may need a transplant before starting dialysis.
We have access to the greatest kidney transplant surgeons in India here at Medantika. You can speak with one of our experts to learn about all of the medical and legal issues of visiting India for an organ transplant.
The most prevalent symptom for kidney transplantation in end-stage renal disease. When the glomerular filtration rate is less than 15ml/min/1.73 sq.m, regardless of the primary cause of the disease, a patient is deemed to have reached this stage.
The patient is placed on the United Network for Organ Sharing's waiting list before receiving a kidney transplant from a deceased donor (cadaver). Before you may be placed on the transplant list, you must undergo general testing.
Before the kidney transplant of the patient, the doctors will have him or her undertake a series of tests to determine how well the donor's kidney fits the patient's blood and tissue type. Although it is difficult for the body to accept a new organ, ensuring that the patient has a close tissue match can help to increase the odds of the body accepting the new organ.
Before the transplant, the patient must undergo many tests in India to confirm that his or her heart and lungs are free of disease and that there is no major danger of other diseases such as cancer or other disorders that shorten one's lifespan.
The surgery for a kidney transplant is done under general anaesthesia. This procedure normally takes 2-4 hours to complete. The donor's kidney is first placed in the lower abdomen of the patient, and then the blood vessels from the donor's kidney are connected to the veins and arteries in the patient's body. The ureter of the donor's kidney will also be linked to the bladder of the patient. This operation allows blood to flow to the kidney, and the vein that carries blood away is surgically connected to the artery and vein already present in the recipient's pelvis, allowing the new kidney to begin filtering and eliminating waste as well as producing urine.
Existing kidneys are normally not removed unless they are causing severe problems, such as frequent kidney infections, unmanageable high blood pressure, or are significantly enlarged. The recovery time for the patient is usually 3-7 days.
You'll wake up in a recovery room after your kidney transplant surgery. Your vital signs will be monitored by hospital workers and doctors until you are awake and stable. They'll then move you to a hospital room and closely monitor you for a few days.
Even if you feel great after surgery (which many people do), you'll almost certainly need to stay in the hospital for up to a week.
It may take a few weeks for your new kidney to start clearing waste from your body following surgery, or it may take several weeks. Family members' kidneys usually start working sooner than those from unrelated donors or those transplanted from deceased donors.
During the early healing period, you might expect a lot of pain and soreness near the incision site. Your doctors will keep monitoring you while you're in the hospital for any complications. To prevent your body from rejecting the replaced kidney, they'll place you on a strict immunosuppressant medicine and medication regimen. To prevent your body from rejecting the donor's kidney, you'll need to take these medications every day.
Your transplant team will give you precise instructions on how and when to take your medications before you get discharged from the hospital. Make sure you thoroughly comprehend these instructions and ask as many questions as necessary. After your surgery, your doctors will develop a checkup schedule for you to follow.
Once you've been released from the hospital, you'll need to see your doctor regularly so that they can assess how well your new kidney is working.
The following are some of the risks and complications associated with kidney transplant surgery: