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A lung is an essential part of respiratory system. The lungs are located in the chest, one on either side of the heart. The right lung has three main components which are known as lobes. The left lung is slightly smaller, with only two lobes. The pleura is a thin layer of covering that protects and cushions the lungs.
Lung cancer develops when a group of cancer cells form a cancerous (malignant) tumour that grows and destroys neighbouring tissue.
It can also spread to other organs in the body (metastasize).
The term "primary lung cancer" refers to cancer that begins in the cells of the lungs.
Post the lung cancer treatment, the surgeon will remove all or part of the lung, as well as all cancerous cells in the tissue.
Non-cancerous (benign) tumours such as hamartoma and papilloma develop when the cells in the lungs alter and no longer grow or act normally.
However, in some situations, alterations in the lung cells can result in cause cancer.
Based on the type of cell in which the cancer began, lung cancers are divided into two categories: non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer.
The following methods will be used by your surgeon to remove the lung cancer and a margin of healthy tissue:
The following are some of the most prevalent signs and symptoms of lung cancer:
Your surgeon will advise you to take the following precautions before undergoing lung cancer surgery:
A biopsy will be performed first to identify whether a patient has cancer and, if so, what type of cancer he or she has.
After that, the surgeon will suggest some tests to assess the tumor's stage.
Blood testing and imaging are usually part of the procedure.
The imaging consists of chest computed tomography (CT) scanning, as well as a bone scan or a PET/CT scan.
Then a mediastinoscopy is performed to obtain a visual of the thoracic cavity, which is frequently performed right prior to surgery to see if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes between the lungs.
The patient is subsequently given pulmonary function tests to see if there is enough healthy lung tissue left after the surgery.
Other tests to check the heart and other organs of the body function are also performed.
Lung cancer surgery or treatment in India is usually conducted under general anaesthetic by a team of qualified surgical oncologists.
The entire treatment usually takes 4 to 5 hours to complete.
A surgeon may perform surgery to remove cancerous lung tissue from the lung as well as tissue from the surrounding areas where cancer may have spread. This sometimes also includes removing a lobe or a large segment of the lung through a procedure called a lobectomy.
In severe circumstances, the surgeon may need to completely remove the lung.
The patient is monitored under surveillance and monitored in intensive care (ICU) for a few days following lung cancer treatment and the nurses and physiotherapists get the patient moving about as soon as possible, make the patient perform breathing exercises and leg exercises to prevent complications, such as blood clots in the legs or to avoid any kind of chest infections.
Chest X-rays are taken on a regular basis to check that the patient can breathe comfortably.
The patient is usually discharged and allowed to return home after about 10 days after the lung removal and 5 to 7 days if lobectomy is performed.
The following are some of the potential risks connected with lung cancer treatment:
You can reach out to our in-house doctors at www.indiamedicalcenter.com to learn more about lung cancer treatments. (Check this point)