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EdhaCare - SkIn Cancer Treatment In India


Skin Cancer Surgery - Overview

Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells that occurs when the abnormal skin cells develop out of control.

Skin cancer is caused by unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells, which causes mutations, or genetic flaws, in the skin cells, causing them to multiply fast and form malignant tumours.

These cells come from the epidermis, or outer layer of the skin.

Mohs surgery

Mr. Frederick Mohs discovered Mohs Surgery in the 1930s, and it is now one of the most used ways to treat skin cancer.

When there is a high risk of the skin cancer returning after treatment, when the extent of the cancer is unknown, or when the purpose of the treatment is to save as much healthy skin as possible, this operation is used. Cancers around the eye or in other crucial locations such as the centre face, ears, or fingers are examples.

Mohs Surgery is now one of the most successful treatments for basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, the two most frequent kinds of skin cancer.

A surgeon with specialised expertise performs this procedure.

In this process, cancerous cells identified in the skin are removed layer by layer from the skin until no cancer cells are seen in the removed layers.

Mohs surgery is most commonly done on more visible locations to reduce scarring and ensure that healthy skin cells around the affected areas are not damaged. Because this operation can result in cancer-free margins, it is considered a successful treatment for recurrent skin cancers.

Skin Cancer Surgery - Symptoms

Skin cancer is most common in locations where the skin has been damaged by sun exposure, such as the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms, and hands, as well as the legs in women.

However, it can also be present on locations that are rarely exposed to the sun, such as your palms, under your fingernails or toenails, and your genital area.

An unusual skin growth or sore that doesn't go away could be the first symptom of non-melanoma skin cancer if you notice any change or difference in the colour or texture of your skin for a long time.

Initially, skin cancer may present as a nodule, rash, or uneven patch on the skin's surface.

If you see any of these signs, it's advisable to contact a dermatologist before it's too late.

Mohs surgery is the best treatment for skin cancer because it is recognised to treat many types of cancers while also reducing the risk of recurrence.

This operation is recommended in the following situations:

  • If big tumours with irregular borders that cannot be healed using traditional procedures are required.
  • If you're treating any portion of your body where it's crucial to have healthy skin tissue for cosmetic reasons.
  • If you wish to get rid of recurrent skin cancer and keep it from returning.

Skin Cancer Surgery - Pre-Procedure

Before having Mohs surgery, the patient will be urged to take a number of critical measures and positive steps.

If you are taking any blood-thinning medication, it is usually a good idea to let your doctor know ahead of time, as this can lead to excessive bleeding during surgery.

You will also be encouraged to stop smoking and drinking for at least 2-3 days before your operation, as both can have a negative impact on the outcome.

You will be requested to wear loose clothing in the area affected by skin cancer during your procedure.

If the surgery will be conducted on your face, you should also avoid wearing any make-up or lotion.

Your doctor will also provide you with specific instructions and medications to take prior to the treatment.

Skin Cancer Surgery - During Procedure

The Mohs surgery is conducted as an outpatient treatment using an injected local anaesthetic.

The surgeon will numb your skin to make the surgery painless for you.

Depending on the size of the tumour, this procedure can take anywhere from 4 to 6 hours.

The surgeon will then mark and sterilise the damaged region.

The surgeon then removes a very thin layer of skin (including the tumour) and examines it under a microscope for cancer cells. If cancer cells are found, another layer is removed and examined.

Tissue layers are removed one by one until the skin samples are cancer-free and the doctor discovers a layer of healthy tissue that shows no signs of cancers.

This is a time-consuming surgery that can take several hours, but it only means that more normal skin around the tumour can be saved.

As a result, only the damaged tissues are removed in Mohs surgery, while healthy tissue is left alone.

Finally, the surgeon will use stitches to close the wound.

Finally, the surgeon will use stitches to close the wound.

Skin Cancer Surgery - Post-Procedure

After Mohs surgery, the majority of patients find the recovery process to be simple and easy.

This operation will cause you the least amount of discomfort.

However, the doctor may advise a few precautions, such as avoiding heavy activities for at least a week post the operation.

Patients should call their surgeon right once if they feel increased tenderness for several days, fever, or yellow drainage from the site.

If the tumour was large and aggressive, the patient may need reconstructive surgery to close the wound.

Post surgery

Your surgeon sets up a plan of post-surgery appointments that could last for several years.

The length of time it takes to recuperate after Mohs surgery is mostly determined by the size of the tumour and its location on the body.

Skin Cancer Surgery - Risk & Complications

Despite the fact that skin cancer therapy has a low risk of complications, problems can develop during or after the surgery.

Before making a decision, you should carefully consider all of the risks connected with the procedure.

The following are some of the complications:

  • Post-operative or prolonged pain in the site of the surgery
  • Blood clots are also formed around the wound or other body parts
  • Infection
  • Excessive bleeding