Heart Valve Replacement in India

Do you know what is Heart valve surgery is? We know that you might not know about it, what it is, how it happens, or what the symptoms are, so don’t worry, you come to the right place. Come and join us and let me know about Heart valve replacement in India. It is a medical procedure to cure heart diseases that will occur in the future, near or in the center of the valve. These days many patients prefer Heart Valve Replacement in India. Due to the affordability, personalized treatment, and quality care at low prices compared to the other counties.

In our human body, the heart contains 4 valves: Tricuspid, Pulmonary, mitral, and Aortic. These usually help to allow the blood to circulate all over the body. They all have flaps that the work is regularly open and closed. Flaps ensure that the flow of blood is in the right direction through your body to your heart. The valves are also for helping the blood rich with the nutrients to easily circulate through the chamber of the heart. Heart Valves are a serious  condition and many people didn’t know about this disease. In this article we will guide how someone can know about Heart valve disease and why it is a better alternative to Heart valve replacement in India.  

What is Heart Valve Surgery? 

Heart valve surgery is a kind of medical procedure that is performed to improve or replace the heart disease valves. In the human body, our heart has 4 main valves: Tricuspid valve, Pulmonary valve,  Mitral valve, and Aortic valve. This valve plays an important part in providing blood circulation through the heart and our body. Sometimes these valves are damaged or diseased because of some kind of condition like valve stenosis (narrowing) or valve regurgitation (leakage). 

Heart Valve Replacement surgery was also performed in India. There are 4 main types of surgery: Repairing Heart Valves, Replacing Heart Valves, Mechanical Valve Replacement, and Biological Valves Replacement.  

What are the types of Heart Valves Replacement Surgery?

Heart valve replacement surgery is a procedure performed to replace a damaged or diseased heart valve with an artificial valve or a valve taken from another person or animal (biological valve). There are several types of heart valve replacement in India:


Types of Heart Valves Replacement Surgery
Types of Heart Valves Replacement Surgery

Mechanical Valve Replacement:

Mechanical valves are made from durable materials such as titanium or carbon. They are long-lasting but require lifelong blood-thinning medication (anticoagulants) to prevent blood clots from forming on the valve.

Biological Valve Replacement:

Biological valves are made from animal tissue (porcine valves from pigs or bovine valves from cows) or human tissue (from donated human hearts). These valves do not usually require long-term blood-thinning medication because they are less likely to cause blood clots compared to mechanical valves.

Ross Procedure:

This procedure involves using the patient’s pulmonary valve to replace a diseased aortic valve. Pulmonary valve is then replaced with a donor valve or a prosthetic valve.  In this procedure is typically performed in younger patients.

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR):

TAVR is a minimally invasive procedure used to replace a narrowed aortic valve that fails to open properly (aortic stenosis). A catheter is used to implant a biological valve within the diseased valve without removing the old valve. This procedure is usually reserved for patients who are at higher risk for traditional open-heart surgery.

Homograft Valve Replacement:

It is also known as an allograft, this involves using a human donor valve (often from a deceased donor) to replace a diseased valve in the patient. This procedure is less common than mechanical or biological valve replacements. 

Symptoms of Heart Valve Disease

Heart valve disease shows up with various symptoms that signal potential problems with the heart’s valves, which regulate blood flow. One noticeable symptom, indicating a possible need for heart valve replacement in India, is shortness of breath, especially during physical activity or when lying down. This happens when the heart has difficulty pumping efficiently due to valve issues, causing fluid buildup in the lungs.

Another common symptom is chest pain or discomfort, often felt during exercise or when the heart works harder than usual. This may indicate that blood flow through the heart is affected by faulty valves, prompting medical evaluation and possibly heart valve replacement.

Other symptoms include tiredness, dizziness, and fainting spells, which can occur due to insufficient blood flow to the brain and body. These symptoms underscore the importance of timely diagnosis and treatment, including options like heart valve replacement in India, where advanced medical expertise and facilities ensure cardiac care.

Why choose India for Heart Valve Replacement? 

 When considering options for heart valve replacement in India, several compelling reasons make this country a preferred choice for medical tourism. India has appeared as a global hub for advanced medical procedures, offering world-class healthcare facilities at the lowest of cost compared to many other countries.

India for Heart Valve Replacement
India for Heart Valve Replacement

Quality of Healthcare

India boasts internationally accredited hospitals equipped with advanced technology and staffed by highly skilled doctors. Many Indian hospitals specialize in cardiac care and have a proven track record in performing complex surgeries like heart valve replacement with excellent outcomes.

Experienced Medical Professionals

Indian cardiac surgeons are renowned worldwide for their expertise and experience. They often have extensive training from top medical institutions globally and use the latest techniques and technologies in cardiac surgery.


Affordability is a significant advantage of choosing heart valve replacement in India. The overall cost, including surgery, hospital stay, and aftercare, can be significantly lower compared to the US, UK, or Europe, without compromising on quality or safety.

Minimal Waiting Times

In India, patients often experience minimal waiting times for surgery compared to their home countries. This quick access to medical care can be important for those needing urgent heart valve replacement.

Tourism and Hospitality

Beyond medical treatment, India offers a rich cultural experience and warm hospitality to international patients. Many hospitals provide dedicated services for medical tourists, including assistance with travel, accommodation, and local sightseeing.

Choosing heart valve replacement in India not only ensures access to advanced medical care but also allows patients to recover in a culturally rich and hospitable environment. With its combination of affordability, expertise, and hospitality. India stands out as a premier destination for medical travelers seeking quality cardiac care.

Benefits of Heart Valve Replacement In India

Heart valve surgery becomes necessary in various conditions when the heart valves don’t work well, which can threaten overall heart health. One common reason for needing heart valve replacement in India is valvular stenosis, where a valve becomes narrow, restricting blood flow.

This can happen due to birth defects, aging, or diseases like rheumatic fever. Another important condition is valvular insufficiency or regurgitation, where a valve doesn’t close tightly, causing blood to leak backward. This can lead to symptoms like tiredness, shortness of breath, and heart palpitations, requiring surgery to fix or replace the valve.

Sometimes, heart valve damage occurs due to previous surgeries or infections, which may also require valve replacement to restore proper heart function. India is now a top choice for heart valve replacement due to its advanced medical facilities, skilled cardiac surgeons, and affordable healthcare options. People from all over the world choose India for heart valve surgery because of its high success rates and reasonable treatment costs, making it a preferred destination for quality cardiac care. 

Risks of Heart Valve Surgery

Heart valve surgery, including heart valve replacement in India, is a serious procedure that comes with certain risks, even with modern medical advancements. While the benefits usually outweigh these risks, it’s important for patients to understand potential complications:

  • Bleeding: There’s a risk of heavy bleeding during and after surgery, which may require blood transfusions. Skilled surgical teams in top Indian hospitals specializing in heart valve replacement manage this risk carefully.
  • Infection: Infections at the surgical site or within the heart can occur, but Indian hospitals have strict protocols to minimize these risks. They use antibiotics and ensure everything is sterile to prevent infections after surgery.
  • Blood Clots: After surgery, blood clots can form and potentially cause a stroke or other issues. Indian hospitals typically use medications to thin the blood and encourage patients to move around early to reduce this risk.
  • Valve Problems: There’s a small chance that the new valve may not work perfectly over time, which might mean needing more surgery. Indian heart surgeons choose the right valves carefully and monitor their performance closely after surgery.
  • Irregular Heartbeats: Sometimes, the heart might beat irregularly after surgery. This can usually be managed with medication or other treatments.
  • Anesthesia Risks: Anesthesia can have its own risks, like allergic reactions or problems with existing health conditions. However, in India, hospitals make sure to check patients thoroughly before surgery and have experienced teams to manage anesthesia safely.

If you’re considering heart valve replacement in India, it’s important to talk with your doctor about these possible risks and how they can be managed for the best possible outcome.


Choosing India for Heart Valve Replacement offers several advantages that make it a preferred destination for medical treatment. India provides world-class healthcare facilities with highly skilled doctors and advanced technology, ensuring excellent outcomes for patients undergoing heart valve surgeries.

The cost-effectiveness of treatment in India is significantly lower compared to many other countries, making it accessible to a broader range of patients without compromising on quality or safety.  With clear communication facilitated by healthcare professionals, patients can expect a smooth treatment journey in a culturally rich environment.

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