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Orthopedics is a medical specialty involving the treatment of the musculoskeletal system is the main emphasis of the. Muscles, bones, joints, ligaments, and tendons make up this system.

Orthopedic disorders can be treated surgically and non-surgically using drugs, physical therapy, exercise, alternative therapies, or a variety of surgical techniques, some of which are minimally invasive and hence less stressful to the body than traditional open surgery. 


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About Orthopedic

Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders. 

Orthopedic disorders cover vast regions of the body. An orthopedist offers vast treatments for dislodged joints or bones.  

  • Wrists: The most common wrist surgeries are for the release of carpal tunnel or the fracture of the distal radius.
  • Ankles: Fractures of the ankle are common sports injuries. There are also common workplace injuries on sites where workers can fall from considerable heights or are exposed to trip hazards.
  • Hips: The most common hip procedures are the repair of the femoral neck, a trochanteric fracture, or the replacement of the hip joint with a prosthetic.
  • Spine: The most common spinal operations are laminectomies, spinal fusions, and intervertebral disc operations.
  • Shoulders: Arthroscopic surgery can be effective to repair the rotator cuff, decompress the shoulder, or excise the distal clavicle. For more information on shoulder injuries, look here.
  • Knees: Procedures to repair the MCL and ACL are among the most common knee procedures. Also common is the total replacement of the knee.

Procedure of Orthopedic

Before orthopedic surgery, you’ll meet with an orthopedic surgeon who specializes in the type of surgery you need. This initial meeting is called a consultation or an evaluation. They’ll take a complete medical history, examine the part of your body they plan to perform surgery on, and review any imaging tests, like an X-ray, to understand more about your condition.

Nowadays, minimally invasive arthroscopic surgeries that promise speedier recovery periods and less discomfort are competing with traditional procedures.

  • Joint Replacement Procedures: This most common orthopedic surgery, wherein knee and hip joint replacements are the majorly treated. These operations are among the most popular orthopedic treatments and replace a damaged joint with a prosthetic.
  • Revision Joint Surgery: It can be required to remove an old implant and place a new one if it has failed. When a patient has a faulty implant or an older implant has failed, revision operations are frequently necessary.
  • Debridement: When the bones are outgrown sometimes or are hampering regular activities, the bone is removed.
  • Internal Fixation of Bones: This kind of surgery joins broken pieces of bone and secures them with pins, screws, or plates so that they can recover.
  • Osteotomy: This kind of surgery is required for children who have bone deformities to assist in rectifying the deformity and ensure proper bone growth.

The timing of your surgery varies depending on your reason for surgery. If you have a severe break or fracture, you may need immediate surgery and there will be little to no wait time. Depending on what kind of surgery you need, you may be resting for several days until your body feels well enough. 

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