The spinal cord, which runs down the middle of your back, is a collection of nerves. Between your body and your brain, it transmits signals. Your vertebrae, which are the discs of bone that make up your spine, guard it. The spinal cord may be hurt if you are in an accident that hurts your vertebrae or other sections of your spine. Many patients with spine problems can be treated non-surgically. Physical therapy, home exercises, medication, and oftentimes spinal injections are recommended before considering surgery. If the problem still isn’t resolved, then surgery becomes a good option.
Traditional open spine surgery involves the complete exposure of the anatomy. In minimally invasive spine surgery we surgically expose less of the anatomy which means, in many cases, an earlier recovery in the first few weeks after surgery.
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About Spine Surgery
Depending on the specific illness, several symptoms are present in spine problems. Since the spine serves as the body's primary support, problems of the spine frequently have an impact on other body regions. Spinal deformity, spinal infections, trauma, spine tumors, and some degenerative spine conditions, such as stenosis and herniated disks, may require surgical treatment.
Some common spinal disorders are:
- Herniated Disc: A herniated disc or slipped disc, protrudes into the spinal canal and applies pressure to a nerve root.
- Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: Lumbar spinal stenosis occurs most frequently in older patients, and can be a result of arthritis.
- Lumbar Trauma: Trauma to the lumbar spine is usually the result of a fall or motor vehicle accident.
Procedure of Spine Surgery
Some major spinal disorder treatments that are usually offered by the best spine surgeons are:
- Lumbar Microdiscectomy: Microdiscectomy is a type of minimally invasive discectomy commonly used to treat a herniated disc. When a herniated disc compresses a spinal nerve, symptoms can include pain (which may extend down one or both arms and legs, as is the case in sciatica), muscle weakness and difficulty with repetitive motions.
- Lumbar Laminectomy: Laminectomy is a type of surgery in which a surgeon removes part or all of the vertebral bone (lamina). This helps ease pressure on the spinal cord or the nerve roots that may be caused by injury, herniated disk, narrowing of the canal (spinal stenosis), or tumors.
- Spine Fusion Surgery: Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure used to correct problems with the small bones in the spine (vertebrae). It is essentially a welding process. The basic idea is to fuse two or more vertebrae so that they heal into a single, solid bone. This is done to eliminate painful motion or to restore stability to the spine.
- Lumbar Disc Replacement: A lumbar disk replacement is a type of back or spine surgery. Your spine is made up of bones called vertebrae that are stacked on top of each other. Disks between the vertebrae work like cushions to allow the vertebrae to rotate and move without the bones rubbing against each other.
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