Urology is a surgical speciality that deals with the treatment of conditions involving the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs.
People specializing in the field of urology are called urologists, healthcare professionals who are trained to diagnose, detect and treat this group of disorders and diseases.
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Treatment of problems affecting the male and female urinary tracts as well as the male reproductive organs is the focus of the surgical specialty of urology. Urologists are medical experts with specialized training in the diagnosis, detection, and treatment of this group of illnesses and diseases.
Among the conditions that urologists may treat include those affecting the kidneys, ureters (tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder), adrenal glands, bladder, and urethra (the tube that passes urine out of the body from the bladder).
In males, a urologist may also treat conditions of the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis. In the field of urology, diseases including urinary tract infections and enlarged prostates are treated medically, whereas kidney stones, stress incontinence, bladder cancer, and prostate cancer are treated surgically.
Procedure of Urology
The urology disorders are the common type of disorders, often left untreated. It is advisable to keep a check on one’s health and always look for the best urologist consultation if ever you find signs or symptoms. The field of urology has multiple line of treatments for different disorders.
Endourology: Endourology deals with the closed manipulation of the urinary tract. The field has grown to now include minimally invasive surgical procedures.
Urology Oncology: This relates to genitourinary malignancies, such as tumors of the kidney, penis, bladder, testicles, ureters, prostate, adrenal glands, or kidneys.
Neurourology: Management of diseases involving the neurological regulation of the genitourinary system or aberrant urination is the focus of neurourology.
Pediatric Urology: This includes treating genitourinary issues that occur in youngsters such cryptorchidism, undeveloped genitalia, and vesicoureteral reflux.
Andrology: The field of andrology focuses on problems with the male reproductive system, including infertility, erectile dysfunction, and vasectomy reversal.