What Is Cardiology ? Find Best Cardiologist in India

Rashida is 20 years old, sitting in her home, watching a news channel with her grandmother. The alarmingly high number of cardiology problems among famous people around the world was being discussed on the news channel.

She turned skeptical about her grandmother who was showing symptoms of cardiology disorders. She started searching more about cardiology, cardiology problems, causes, symptoms, cure,s and treatments, etc. Her research landed her the Best Cardiologist in India for her grandmother. 


What is Cardiology?

Cardiology is the science and practice of treating heart and blood vascular conditions. A cardiologist may be recommended for a patient with heart illness or cardiovascular disease. 

What is a Cardiologist?

An expert in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases is a cardiologist.

The cardiologist will conduct testing and maybe carry out various treatments like- pacemaker insertion, angioplasty, or heart catheterization.

A cardiologist makes sure that your heart functions in a good condition and remains healthy and disease-free.

[Also Know About The Top 10 Cardiologists In India]

Cardiology Fact Check

There have been good studies globally, which have penned down the facts and figures of the rising cardiovascular deaths. 

Cardiology Global Stats:

Cardiology disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. as well causing approximately 697,000 deaths per year. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022).

The World Heart Federation predicts more than 23 million CVD-related deaths per year by 2030.

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), silent heart attacks account for at least 1,70,000 of the estimated 8,05,000 annual heart attacks, globally.

[Also Know About Heart Bypass Surgery Cost In India]

Cardiology Indian Stats:

A report published showed the manifold rise in cardiac disorder deaths leading in comparison to other chronic diseases.

5,849 individuals in Mumbai died from heart attacks in 2019, according to data released by the Brihan Mumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC).

This decreased somewhat by 3.6% in 2020 when 5,633 individuals passed away from the illness.

To everyone’s surprise, however, the RTI reports that in Mumbai, heart attacks claimed a total of 17,880 lives between January and June of 2021, a 217 percent increase from the previous year.


cardiac arrest death heart diseases death 


Types of Cardiology Diseases 

Heart disease can be integrated into a number of disorders. There are some disorders we are going to discuss, along with their major symptoms:

Coronary heart Diseases :

It happens when plaque builds up in the arteries that carry blood to the heart. They get harder and narrower. Cholesterol and other materials can be found in plaque.

Consequently, the heart gets less oxygen and nutrients from the blood supply. Heart failure and arrhythmia are possible as a result of the weakening of the heart muscle over time.

Major Symptoms :
  • Chest pain or discomfort (angina)
  • Weakness, nausea (feeling sick to your stomach), or a cold sweat
  • Pain or discomfort in the arms or shoulder
  • Shortness of breath


An irregular heartbeat is referred to as arrhythmia. When the electrical impulses that regulate the heartbeat are malfunctioning, it happens. As a result, the heart may beat irregularly or excessively fast.

Symptoms :
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting (syncope) or near fainting
  • Fluttering in the chest
  • Lightheartedness
  • Racing heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Slow heartbeat (bradycardia)

Dilated Cardiomyopathy:

The heart chambers enlarge in dilated cardiomyopathy, which causes the heart muscle to expand and lose thickness. Past heart attacks, arrhythmia, and toxins are the most frequent causes of dilated cardiomyopathy, but genetics can also be a factor.

Symptoms :
  • Dizziness, lightheartedness and fainting
  • Fatigue
  • Feeling short of breath during activity or at rest
  • Feeling short of breath at night when trying to sleep or waking up short of breath
  • Irregular heartbeats that feel rapid, pounding or fluttering
  • Swollen legs, ankles or feet

Myocardial Infarction:

Myocardial infarction, sometimes known as a heart attack, happens when the blood supply to the heart is cut off. The cardiac muscle may suffer partial damage or perhaps be destroyed.

In a coronary artery, plaque, a blood clot, or both are the most frequent causes of heart attacks. A sudden spasm or narrowing of an artery can also cause it.

Symptoms :
  • Chest pain with discomfort or heaviness or crushing pain. It may start in your chest and spread to limbs, shoulder, neck, jaw, back, or down toward your waist.
  • Shortness of breath or trouble breathing.
  • Fatigue.
  • Trouble sleeping (insomnia).
  • Nausea or stomach discomfort. Heart attacks can often be mistaken for indigestion or heartburn.
  • Heart palpitations.
  • Anxiety or a feeling of “impending doom.”
  • Sweating.

Mitral Valve Regurgitation:

This incident happens when the heart’s mitral valve does not close completely, allowing blood to flow backward into the heart.

Blood cannot flow through the heart or body effectively as a result, which can place pressure on the heart’s chambers. Heart failure may develop over time if the heart enlarges.

  • Sound of blood flow across the valve (heart murmur)
  • Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
  • Shortness of breath (dyspepsia), especially when lying down
  • Sensation of a rapid, pounding or fluttering heartbeat (palpitations)
  • Swollen feet or ankles (edema)

Prevention & Cure 

The symptoms and diagnosis are the first stage in treating and curing cardiac diseases.

Whenever any such signs or symptoms are observed in any one, they should immediately start precautions to prevent further degradation of any of the CVD.

Quit Addiction :

Addiction, especially to nicotine (smoking) and alcohol is lethal for anyone who has symptoms of heart disorder. 

Functioning of Nicotine

Nicotine binds with nicotine receptors in the brain, which induces pumping of the heart rate more than normal and narrows the arteries. This action of nicotine is dangerous for patients with high cholesterol. 

The following infographic draws out the harmful relationship between Nicotine and Heart Attack

Sticky Blood infographic landscape

(Source: https://www.quit.org.au/articles/sticky-blood/)

Brisk walking :

The person with any of the heart symptoms should brisk walk for 30-60 mins twice a day. The physical activity in the body activates the arteries, and veins and pushes the heart to supply more blood. 

Regular checkup :

A routine checkup is very necessary when there are clear-cut signs of cardiac disease. The top cardiologists in India have often recommended people within the age bracket of 35-60 must visit their cardiologist near them at least once in three months. 

Healthy Diet :

A healthy diet is the key to a healthy heart. It is important and should be accepted by anyone with persistent heart symptoms to take a diet low in cholesterol, and high in fiber.

LDL develops plaque on the walls of the heart, which results in narrowing the arteries. This obstructs the blood flow and sometimes even reverses the flow of blood. 


Diet for Heart patient Food for Cardiac patient Diet for heart disease

(Source: hsph.harvard.edu)


Concluding her understanding of cardiology disorders & care, Rashida finally decided to look for the Best Cardiologist in India, as checkups and treatments in her country were expensive.

She then came across the best medical tourism company in India. The company has been offering minimum packages for checkups and treatment.  

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