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Chemotherapy aids in the killing of cancer cells that have spread (metastasized) to other places of the body.
It aids in the removal of cancer cells that have spread to other parts of the body, even if they are far from the original tumour site.
It is the application of any medicine to kill cancer cells and treat cancer.
Unlike other therapies like surgery and radiation therapy, which only remove, kill, or destroy cancer cells in a specific place, chemo can function throughout your entire body.
If your doctor recommends chemotherapy to treat your cancer, it is critical that you understand the treatment goals before making treatment decisions.
The three major goals of chemotherapy (chemo) in cancer treatment must be understood:
Chemotherapy is only advised by your doctor after a series of tests in which the surgeon examines the tumor's progress and determines whether or not chemotherapy is required.
Your doctor will then decide and prescribe the drug or combination of drugs you will receive, as well as the dosages and how the drugs will be given.
Your doctor will also determine how often and for how long you will receive therapy.
All of these choices are based on the type of cancer, its location, size, and how it affects your regular bodily processes and general health.
Normal chemotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy are two different types of chemotherapy treatment.
Chemotherapy is a common treatment for systemic cancers that are not curable by surgery or radiation, such as lymphoma, or for the palliation of clinical signs that are not curable by surgery or radiation.
Adjuvant chemotherapy, on the other hand, is utilised at the post-operation stage when there is nearly no cancer left but a risk of recurrence.
Chemotherapy is suggested for some cancers, such as leukaemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma, which are both blood and bone marrow tumours.
Chemotherapy is frequently given in combination to surgery and/or radiation for various types of cancer, such as breast cancer, colon cancer, lung cancer, or cancer that arises from an organ.
The patient receives medications as an infusion into a vein during the chemotherapy operation (intravenously).
Depending on the treatment or disease for which the surgery is conducted, these medications are administered in a variety of methods.
Chemotherapy is frequently administered by inserting a tube with a needle into a vein in your arm or a device into a vein in your chest.
Chemotherapy is connected with a number of adverse effects and complications.
Rashes, fatigue , hair loss, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and mouth sores are some of the most frequent adverse effects of chemotherapy.
Your doctor will suggest certain tests to determine whether or not the chemotherapy is working well or not.
X-rays, CT scans, physical exams, blood tests (to see if the liver and kidneys are in good shape because chemotherapy can damage them), MRI or (PET) scans are some of the procedures that may be performed.
In addition, your doctor may administer injections to aid in the creation of red and white blood cells.
If you decide to undergo chemotherapy, it is usually a good idea to learn every detail about it and inquire about the success rates of chemotherapy in various hospitals so that you can choose the hospital in India that best meets your needs.
It's also crucial to look at the qualifications of the doctors who will be engaged in the surgery so that they can assist you and inform you of all the dangers and consequences.
Chemotherapy has no unique hazards, although it is usually a good idea to follow up with proper treatment afterward.