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Gender Reassignment Surgery

Gender affirmation surgery refers to procedures that help people transition to their self-identified gender. Gender-affirming options may include facial surgery, top surgery or bottom surgery. People who opt for gender affirmation surgery do so as they experience gender dysphoria. Gender dysphoria is the distress that occurs when your sex assigned at birth does not align with your gender identity. This complex and life-changing medical procedure of gender change surgery works to align an individual's physical characteristics with their affirmed gender identity, offering major relief and improving mental well-being.

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About Gender Reassignment Surgery

Surveys report that around 1 in 4 transgender and nonbinary people choose gender affirmation surgery. Gender reconstruction surgery, sometimes known as sex reassignment surgery, is performed to transition individuals with gender dysphoria to their desired gender. People with gender dysphoria many times feel that they were born in the wrong gender. A biological male may identify more as a female and vice versa. Additionally, continued psychotherapy is recommended for most patients as they adjust to their new bodies and lifestyles.

Procedure of Gender Reassignment Surgery

You may choose facial surgery, top surgery, bottom surgery, or a combination of these operations.

Facial surgery may change your:

  1.          Cheekbones: Many transgender women have injections to enhance their cheekbones.
  2.          Chin: You may opt to soften or more prominently define your chin’s angles.
  3.          Jaw: A surgeon may shave down your jawbone or use fillers to enhance your jaw.
  4.          Nose: You may have a rhinoplasty, surgery to reshape the nose.

Now, different procedures change or modify gender-related issues. The procedures are:  

  • ·       Vaginoplasty (MTF): Using scrotal and penile tissue, a neovagina is created during this treatment. The neovagina can be penetrated sexually and is usually lined with mucous membrane. To create a functional clitoris, this operation may also involve clitoroplasty.
  • ·       Phalloplasty (FTM): A neopenis is created after a complicated procedure called phalloplasty utilizing tissue grafts, frequently from the thigh or forearm. To enable urination through the penis, the neophallus may have a urethral extension. It is also possible to add testicular implants for a more realistic appearance.
  • ·       Breast Surgery (MTF): Breast augmentation is typically performed using silicone or saline implants. The size and placement of these implants are chosen based on the individual's desired breast size and shape.
  • ·       Chest Surgery (FTM): A mastectomy, sometimes referred to as "top surgery," includes contouring the chest to make it appear more masculine and removing breast tissue. For a natural look, tattoos or breast transplants can be done.
  • ·      Facial Surgery: Procedures like rhinoplasty, jaw contouring, and brow reduction are performed to alter facial features to align with the individual's gender identity.
  • ·      Body Contouring: By eliminating or redistributing fat in certain places, liposuction and body contouring techniques can help create a more feminine or masculine body shape.
  • Tracheal Shave (MTF): Reducing the prominence of the Adam's apple is often performed as a minor surgical procedure.

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