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A lung transplant is a surgical process in which a diseased or failing lung is replaced and transplanted with a healthy lung, usually from a deceased donor.
A lung transplant is intended for people who have severe or advanced chronic lung problems and want to improve their quality of life by making it easier to breathe and extend their lifespan. When other medications or therapies have failed and the patient's condition has not improved sufficiently, this treatment is used as a last resort.
If your lung is deteriorating due to any of the diseases listed below, your doctor may propose a lung transplant.
The following are the most frequent lung conditions for which people need lung transplants:
COPD stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (emphysema and chronic bronchitis) Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a type of pulmonary fibrosis that occurs for no apparent reason Cystic fibrosis is a disease that affects the lungs.
Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension is a type of pulmonary arterial hypertension that occurs for no apparent reason.
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a kind of chronic lung disease marked by a progressive and irreversible decline in lung function. Lung tissues become stiff, thick, or scarred as a result of this disorder.
Before the surgery, your doctor will suggest a few tests to determine whether you are medically fit to undergo the procedure. The following are a few examples of these tests:
You will also be asked to quit smoking and drinking alcohol, as well as refrain from gaining weight. Stick to the workout routine you acquired in pulmonary rehabilitation.
During the surgery, the transplant team will demonstrate you the procedure in detail and answer any questions you may have. You will be instructed to fast for eight hours before to the surgery.
When the operation begins, the following steps will take place.
The patient is first given a general anaesthetic to put him to sleep. The surgery takes from 4 to 8 hours to complete.
Then there will be Incubation, which will be placed in the patient's neck, wrist, under the collarbone (subclavian), or groyne to assist with breathing, medicine, and other bodily functions. These tubes are also used to collect blood and monitor your heart and blood pressure.
The surgeon will then make a chest incision to evaluate the major airway and replace the deceased lung with the donor's lung.
The surgeon will connect the healthy donor lung, reconnect the blood vessels, and sew the chest after replacing the lung.
In some situations, a double lung transplant is required; in that case, a heart-lung bypass machine will be connected to you.
You will be intensively monitored in the ICU for 3 to 5 days after the lung transplant surgery. A ventilator will be used to assist you in breathing properly. A tube will be inserted into your chest during the surgery to assist you in draining fluids from your lungs and heart.
The patient is usually discharged 10 to 15 days after surgery. For the next three months, the patient is required to undergo frequent consultations as well as a few more procedures such as blood tests, chest X-rays, and ECGs. The patient is not permitted to smoke or consume alcohol. Other immunosuppressants and blood-thinning medications are prescribed, which must be taken for the remainder of one's life.
A lung transplant is a complex procedure that comes with several risks and complication. The following are the major dangers: