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Scoliosis is a condition in which the spine, or backbone, curves abnormally.
When viewed from the side, the spine has a normal curve, but when viewed from the front, it should appear straight.
Kyphosis is a forward-bending curve in the spine that can be observed from the side.
In the middle, there is a typical kyphosis, also known as the thoracic spine.
Lordosis is a backward-bending curve in the spine that can be viewed from the side.
The top spine, also known as the cervical spine, and the lower spine, sometimes known as the lumbar spine, have normal lordosis.
Scoliosis causes additional curves on any side of the body, and the spine’s bones twist on one other, generating a C or a S shape or scoliosis curve in the spine.
An irregular curve in the spine is one of the most prevalent scoliosis symptoms.
Often, it is a subtle shift that is initially noted by a friend, family member, or physician conducting routine school or sports screenings.
Because changes in the curve of the spine normally happen slowly, it’s easy to overlook them until they become a more serious physical abnormality.
Scoliosis can also make the head appear off-center, induce tilting to one side, or cause one hip or shoulder to be higher than the other or opposite side.
Twisting of the vertebrae and ribs can cause a more noticeable curvature on one side of the rib cage on the back of some persons.
If the scoliosis is severe, it can make it difficult for the heart and lungs to function properly, resulting in shortness of breath and chest pain.
Scoliosis is usually painless and goes unnoticed, but certain varieties of scoliosis can cause back pain, rib discomfort, neck discomfort, muscular spasms, and abdominal pain.
Furthermore, there are other causes of nonspecific pains that a doctor should investigate to rule out other disorders.
The majority of scoliosis surgeons agree that children with extremely complex curves (45-50° and above) will require surgery to minimise the curvature and prevent it from worsening.
A spinal fusion is the treatment for scoliosis.
The primary concept behind this operation is to straighten and fuse the bent vertebrae together so that they heal into a single solid bone.
The curve of the spine will be monitored by your surgeon prior to surgery.
The surgeon will review your medical history before recommending the best treatment option for you.
Scoliosis surgery entails straightening the curve as much as possible and fusing the spine to keep it in place.
This is done by attaching screws, hooks, and rods to the spine’s bones to keep them in place.
To get the bones to grow together and become solid, your surgeon implants a bone graft around them (spinal fusion).
This will keep that section of the spine from curving any farther.
The screws and rods in the spine will most likely stay in place and will not need to be removed.
A surgeon can execute the fusion surgery in a number of different ways.
All of this can be accomplished with a single incision on the back of the spine or in conjunction with another incision on the front or side.
This decision is entirely dependent on the location and severity of the spine bend.
The recovery and scar formation after surgery may differ from one person to the next.
After the procedure, your doctor will use drugs to manage your pain.
The first day after surgery, you will most likely be up and about in a chair, and you will work with a physical therapist who will assist you with walking.
The physical therapist will also assist you with muscle strengthening exercises that will aid with the pain.
A young child will typically miss around six weeks of school and may take up to six months to return to their normal activities, however recovery times vary.
Scoliosis surgery, like any other surgery, carries some risks and problems.
The degree of risk is determined in part by the patient's age, the curve's degree, the source of the curve, and the amount of correction undertaken.
During the procedure, the surgeon will most likely utilise a procedure called neuromonitoring, which allows the surgeon to monitor the function of the spinal cord and nerves.
The surgeon is warned if they are being located in an area where they are more likely to be damaged, and the technique can be adjusted to lessen those risks.
After the procedure, there is a slight chance of infection.
Antibiotics can help to reduce this risk, but it can still happen in some circumstances.
Injury to the nerves or blood vessels, bleeding, prolonged curve advancement after surgery, damaged rods or screws, and the necessity for additional surgery are all possible concerns.
Each of these is a one-of-a-kind item.