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Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery

Treatment for heart valve disease involves either replacement or repair of the heart valve. When any one of the four heart valves isn't functioning properly, heart valve disease develops. The proper direction of blood flow through the heart is maintained by heart valves.   A surgeon performs heart valve surgery to replace or repair a sick or damaged heart valve or valves. Open heart surgery or minimally invasive heart surgery are two possible ways to accomplish this. Age, general health, and the kind and severity of heart valve disease determine the kind of heart valve surgery that is required.

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About Heart Valve Repair

Standard open-heart surgery can be used to replace or repair heart valves. To get to the heart, a surgical incision must be made in the midline of the chest. Compared to open heart surgery, minimally invasive heart surgery requires far fewer incisions. Typically, minimally invasive surgery doesn't involve shattering any bones or making large cuts in any muscle. Compared to open heart surgery, minimally invasive heart surgery requires far fewer incisions.

The cost of heart valve replacement surgery in India is significantly lower compared to other countries, making it an attractive option for international patients seeking affordable medical care. 

Procedure of Heart Valve Repair

Heart valve replacement surgery is a major procedure that carries certain risks, such as bleeding, infection, and blood clots. The patient will need to follow a strict recovery plan, which may include physical therapy and lifestyle changes to improve heart health. The doctor will provide detailed instructions on post-operative care and follow-up appointments. Heart valve replacement surgery is a complex procedure that typically involves the following steps:

  • Anesthesia: Anesthesia is used to put patients to sleep so that during surgery patients do not face problems.

  • Incision: A large incision is made in the chest to provide access to the heart. The surgeon may also use a minimally invasive technique that involves making smaller incisions.

  • Accessing the heart: The surgeon will open the chest cavity and create a pathway to the heart by cutting through the breastbone or ribs.

  • Removing the damaged valve: The surgeon will remove the damaged valve and prepare the area for the replacement valve.

  • Implanting the new valve: The new valve, which can be made of metal, plastic, or animal tissue, is implanted into the prepared area and secured in place.

  • Closing the incision: The incision is closed with stitches or staples, and the patient is transferred to a recovery room.

  • Recovery: The patient will be monitored closely in the recovery room and may spend several days in the hospital. They will be given medication to manage pain and prevent infection and will undergo tests to ensure the new valve is working properly.

 

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