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Geriatric Medicine

Geriatric medicine, a specialized branch of healthcare, focuses on the unique medical needs of the elderly population. It addresses the complexities of aging, promoting the well-being and quality of life in older adults. Geriatricians diagnose and manage a wide range of age-related conditions, including dementia, arthritis, osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, and frailty. Their approach considers the physical, mental, and social aspects of aging, emphasizing preventive care, medication management, and rehabilitation. By tailoring healthcare to the specific needs of older individuals, geriatric medicine aims to enhance functionality, independence, and overall health in the elderly, recognizing the importance of preserving dignity and optimizing the later stages of life.

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About Geriatric Medicine

Geriatric medicine deals with a wide range of health issues prevalent in older adults, such as chronic diseases like diabetes, arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, and dementia. Additionally, geriatricians address age-related syndromes like frailty and sarcopenia. It emphasizes preventive care to minimize the impact of age-related health conditions. This includes vaccinations, screenings, and lifestyle interventions to promote healthy aging. Geriatric medicine plays a vital role in promoting the health and well-being of older adults by addressing their unique healthcare needs. The field continues to evolve as healthcare providers strive to enhance the quality of life for an aging global population.

Procedure of Geriatric Medicine

Treatment in geriatric medicine involves addressing the specific healthcare needs of older adults, considering their age-related conditions and overall well-being. 

There are different treatment types for treating geriatric patients: 

  • Medication Management: Geriatricians carefully assess medication regimens to avoid potentially harmful interactions or adverse effects. They may adjust dosages or change prescriptions to ensure safe and effective treatment for chronic conditions while minimizing side effects.

  • Rehabilitation and Physical Therapy: Physical and occupational therapy can help older adults recover from injuries, improve mobility, and manage age-related conditions like arthritis or stroke, enhancing their overall quality of life.

  • Pain Management: Pain management techniques are essential for addressing chronic pain conditions, such as osteoarthritis or neuropathic pain, ensuring older adults can maintain comfort and function.

  • Preventive Care: Geriatricians emphasize preventive measures like vaccinations, fall prevention strategies, and screenings for conditions common in older adults (e.g., osteoporosis, cancer, and cardiovascular disease).

  • Mental Health Care: Treatment for mental health conditions, including depression and dementia, is a critical aspect of geriatric medicine. Therapeutic interventions, medication, and support for both patients and their families are crucial.

  • End-of-Life and Palliative Care: Geriatric medicine often involves discussions about end-of-life care preferences and managing complex medical issues. Palliative care focuses on improving the quality of life for individuals with serious illnesses, offering comfort and support during their later stages of life.


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