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Thalassemia Surgery

Thalassemia surgery addresses the consequences of hemoglobin dysfunction, providing significant relief to affected individuals. Regular blood transfusions promote healthy red blood cells, reducing painful anemia and preventing complications. More advanced procedures, such as bone marrow or stem cell transplants, aim to replace damaged cells with healthy ones and can cure some cases Although these surgeries significantly improve patient outcomes, but pose challenges such as identification of suitable candidates, possible postoperative complications, etc. Ensure that a comprehensive approach is taken to manage this complex genetic disease Clinical evaluation ongoing and supportive care for patients is essential.

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About Thalassemia Surgery

Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder that causes symptoms and requires surgery to manage its complications. Fatigue, weakness, and pale skin are common symptoms caused by abnormal red blood cells. Individuals can experience, have stronger bones, and enlarged vertebrae, and need thalassemia surgery in cases of severe anemia that reflect the body’s attempts to compensate for blood loss proven, and often require regular blood transfusions to maintain clotting and prevent complications, to replace damaged cells with healthy ones. Thalassemia is caused by genetic mutations that affect the production of hemoglobin. Both abnormal pairs of genes from both parents increase the risk of diseases. Thalassemia minor occurs when a person carries a single abnormal gene, usually with minor or no symptoms. Genetic counseling is important for at-risk couples to understand how they can pass the condition on to their children. Early detection of the disease through genetic testing allows aggressive management and timely initiation of thalassemia surgery are necessary, significantly improving patients’ overall quality of life and prognosis through routine medical examinations and the method used.

Procedure of Thalassemia Surgery

Blood Transfusions: Regular blood transfusions, usually every 2-4 weeks, are necessary to maintain hemoglobin levels and reduce the incidence of major bleeding. Control of iron levels is important to prevent complications from excess iron results in the edge.

Bone marrow or Stem Cell Transplant: In this advanced procedure, the patient is made into a suitable transplant of bone marrow or stem cells and the target is insufficient to produce blood of red blood cells, which can lead to thalassemia.

Donor Compatibility: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and other compatibility tests are necessary to identify a suitable donor. Proximity is usually a good fit, but unrelated providers can also be considered.

Genetic Testing: Early diagnosis through genetic testing helps in identifying specific thalassemia and guides treatment decisions. It also facilitates genetic counseling for at-risk family members.

Complications: Surgical intervention aims to prevent and manage serious complications associated with thalassemia, such as heart problems, osteoporosis, and organ dysfunction

Multidisciplinary Approach: Collaborative care includes hematologists, geneticists, dialysis technicians, and other healthcare professionals. Routine screening ensures timely intervention and effective management of thalassemia.

Genetic Counseling: Important genetic counseling for at-risk couples examines the possibility of transmission to offspring with thalassemia. It enables informed family planning decisions and helps manage the genetic aspects of the condition.

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Other Specilities We Cover



Blood Transfusion

Blood Transfusion

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)


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