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Incision and Drainage Abscess

Abscess drainage is often one of the first procedures a junior doctor will perform. It involves making an incision into the abscess, breaking down the loculated areas, and washing out the pus as thoroughly as possible.

The wound is never closed, but left open with a wick to keep the wound open and allow any remaining infection to drain, after which the wound heals by secondary intention.

 

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About Incision and Drainage Abscess

An abscess is a small area of pus enclosed in swollen tissue. Although they can occur anywhere on the body, abscesses are typically seen on the extremities, buttocks, breast, axilla, groin, and other places that are subject to friction or slight trauma. 

To prepare the region around the abscess drainage procedure in Hyderabad, clean it with a solution like povidone-iodine. A topical anesthesia, such as lidocaine, is then injected around the abscess as the next step. The skin overlying the abscess can be cut once the area has been adequately numbed. This will enable the pus to drain out and allow for the collection of a pus sample for bacterial culture growth. 

Procedure of Incision and Drainage Abscess

Incision and drainage is a common procedure used to treat abscesses, which are pockets of pus that can form under the skin. The procedure involves making a small incision in the skin over the abscess and draining out the pus. Here are the steps involved in the procedure:

  • Preparation: The area around the abscess is cleaned and disinfected. 
  • Incision: A small incision is made in the skin over the abscess. 
  • Drainage: The healthcare provider will use a sterile instrument, such as a scalpel or a needle, to puncture the abscess and allow the pus to drain out. They may use a syringe to help draw out the pus.
  • Cleaning: The abscess cavity is cleaned with saline solution or an antiseptic solution to remove any remaining pus or debris.
  • Dressing: A sterile dressing is applied to the incision site to keep it clean and promote healing.
  • Follow-up: The healthcare provider will instruct the patient on how to care for the incision site and provide any necessary follow-up care. They may prescribe antibiotics if the abscess was caused by a bacterial infection.

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