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Vertebroplasty surgery

Vertebroplasty surgery is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) in the spine, often caused by osteoporosis, trauma, or tumors. In order to stabilize and relieve discomfort, bone cement is injected into the broken vertebra during the surgery. The objectives of this surgical procedure are to relieve pain right away, lessen deformity, and restore spinal height. Local anesthetic is usually used for vertebroplasty procedures, which can generally be finished in less than an hour. For individuals who are not candidates for conventional surgical treatments, it is a good alternative because of its low risks and potential for consequences. A vertebroplasty can greatly enhance the quality of life for those who have excruciating spinal fractures.

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About Vertebroplasty surgery

surgical vertebroplasty Symptoms: include excruciating back pain, decreased mobility, spinal deformity (such as kyphosis), and sometimes nerve compression resulting in neurological symptoms such as limb paralysis or numbness.

surgical vertebroplasty Causes: Osteoporosis, trauma, tumors, and other disorders that weaken the vertebrae can lead to VCFs. While trauma, such as falls or accidents, can directly cause vertebral fractures, osteoporosis weakens bones and makes them more prone to compression fractures.

surgical vertebroplasty Treatments: In order to reduce discomfort, restore vertebral height, and enhance mobility, vertebroplasty surgery uses bone cement to fix fractured vertebrae. In order to control symptoms and stop more fractures, non-surgical treatments include bracing, physical therapy, pain management, rest, and lifestyle modifications. However, when conservative measures are ineffective or symptoms negatively affect quality of life, vertebroplasty is frequently taken into consideration.


Procedure of Vertebroplasty surgery

Patient Positioning: Depending on where the fractured vertebra is located, the patient is positioned on the operating table, usually lying face down or on their side.

Anesthesia: To make the region where the incision will be made numb, local anesthetic is applied. In order to keep the patient comfortable throughout the surgery, sedation may also be given.

Imaging Guidance: To precisely locate the fractured vertebra and direct the positioning of instruments during the surgery, fluoroscopy or other imaging modalities are employed.

Incision: A small incision is made in the skin over the fractured vertebra to provide access to the surgical site.

Bone Cement Injection: A hollow needle is inserted through the incision and into the fractured vertebra under continuous fluoroscopic guidance. Once properly positioned, medical-grade bone cement (usually polymethylmethacrylate) is injected into the fractured vertebra to stabilize it and provide support.

Confirmation: After the cement injection, imaging studies are performed to confirm the proper placement of the cement and assess its distribution within the vertebra.

Closure and Recovery: The incision is closed with sutures or adhesive strips, and a sterile dressing is applied to the wound. The patient is monitored in the recovery area before being discharged home. Full recovery typically occurs over the following days to weeks, with patients advised to avoid strenuous activity during this time.


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