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Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery is a procedure to remove the lens of the eye and, in most cases, replace it with an artificial lens. A cataract causes the lens to become cloudy when it is typically clear. Cataracts can eventually affect vision.

The procedure is typically performed on an outpatient basis and takes about 30 minutes to complete. During the procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the cornea, removes the cloudy lens, and inserts an artificial lens into the eye. Patients typically experience significant improvements in their vision and can resume normal activities within a few days. Cataract surgery is generally safe and has a high success rate, with most patients experiencing improved vision and a better quality of life after the procedure.

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About Cataract Surgery

Cataract eye surgery is a common and safe procedure in India and is performed by highly skilled and experienced ophthalmologists. The procedure involves removing the cloudy lens of the eye and replacing it with an artificial lens to improve vision. Cataracts are a common problem in India due to the country's high levels of sunlight exposure, and the procedure is widely available at hospitals and clinics throughout the country.

The purpose of your lens is to bend (refract) light rays that come into the eye to help you see. Your lens should be clear, but with a cataract it is cloudy. Having a cataract can be like looking through a foggy or dusty car windshield. Things may look blurry, hazy, or less colorful.

Procedure of Cataract Surgery

Cataract eye surgery is a common procedure that involves removing the cloudy lens of the eye and replacing it with an artificial lens. During cataract surgery, your cloudy natural lens is removed and replaced with a clear artificial lens. That lens is called an intraocular lens (IOL). Your ophthalmologist will talk with you about IOLs and how they work. Cataract surgery, usually an outpatient procedure, takes an hour or less to perform. 

Here are the general steps involved in a typical cataract surgery procedure:

Anesthesia: The first step is to administer anesthesia, which may be either local anesthesia or general anesthesia, depending on the patient's preference and the surgeon's recommendation.

Incision: The surgeon will make a small incision in the cornea to access the cloudy lens.

Lens removal: The surgeon will then use ultrasound or laser energy to break up and remove the cloudy lens, leaving the lens capsule intact.

IOL implantation: The surgeon will then insert the IOL through the incision and place it into the lens capsule. The IOL is carefully positioned to replace the natural lens and provide clear vision.

Closure: Once the IOL has been inserted and positioned, the surgeon will close the incision with tiny stitches or with self-sealing incisions.

Recovery: After the procedure, the patient may experience some mild discomfort, sensitivity to light, and blurred vision. The patient will need to use eye drops and avoid rubbing the eyes for several weeks after the procedure. The patient should also avoid strenuous activity and heavy lifting for a few days after the surgery.

It's important to choose a qualified and experienced surgeon who has a track record of successful cataract surgeries to ensure a safe and effective procedure. Cataract surgery is a common and generally safe procedure that can improve vision and quality of life for many people.

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