Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optical whim-whams. The optical whim-whams sends visual information from your eye to your brain and is vital for good vision. Damage to the optical whim-whams is frequently related to high pressure in your eye. But glaucoma can be indeed with normal eye pressure.
Glaucoma is a habitual, progressive eye complaint caused by damage to the optical whim-whams, which leads to visual field loss. One of the major threat factors is eye pressure. An abnormality in the eye’s drainage system can beget fluid to make up, leading to inordinate pressure that causes damage to the optical whim-whams.Book an Appointment
About Glaucoma Surgery
Glaucoma surgery is a type of procedure that is performed to help reduce intraocular pressure in the eye and prevent further damage to the optic nerve. In India, there are several types of glaucoma surgeries available, including trabeculectomy, glaucoma drainage devices, and laser surgery.
Trabeculectomy is a type of surgery that involves creating a small opening in the sclera to allow excess fluid to drain out of the eye. This helps to reduce intraocular pressure and prevent damage to the optic nerve.
Glaucoma drainage devices, also known as tube shunts, are small devices that are implanted in the eye to help drain excess fluid and reduce intraocular pressure.
Laser surgery is a less invasive option that uses a laser to make a small opening in the trabecular meshwork, allowing excess fluid to drain out of the eye and reduce intraocular pressure.
In India, these types of glaucoma surgeries are widely available at hospitals and clinics throughout the country. The cost of glaucoma surgery in India is relatively low compared to other countries, making it an affordable option for both domestic and international patients. However, it's important to choose a qualified and experienced surgeon to ensure a safe and effective procedure. With proper treatment, patients with glaucoma can usually prevent further damage to the optic nerve and preserve their vision.
Procedure of Glaucoma Surgery
There are several types of glaucoma surgery procedures, and the specific procedure used will depend on the patient's individual needs and the surgeon's recommendation. Here is a general overview of the steps involved in a typical glaucoma surgery procedure:
Anesthesia: The first step is to administer anesthesia, which may be either local anesthesia or general anesthesia, depending on the patient's preference and the surgeon's recommendation.
Incision: The surgeon will then make a small incision in the eye to access the trabecular meshwork or other drainage structures.
Drainage device placement: If a glaucoma drainage device is being implanted, the surgeon will insert the device into the eye and secure it in place.
Trabeculectomy: If a trabeculectomy is being performed, the surgeon will create a small flap in the sclera and remove a small piece of the trabecular meshwork to allow fluid to drain out of the eye.
Laser surgery: If laser surgery is being performed, the surgeon will use a laser to make a small opening in the trabecular meshwork or other drainage structures.
Closure: Once the procedure is complete, the surgeon will close the incision with tiny stitches or with self-sealing incisions.
Recovery: After the procedure, the patient may experience some mild discomfort, sensitivity to light, and blurred vision. The patient will need to use eye drops and avoid rubbing the eyes for several weeks after the procedure. The patient should also avoid strenuous activity and heavy lifting for a few days after the surgery.
It's important to choose a qualified and experienced surgeon who has a track record of successful glaucoma surgeries to ensure a safe and effective procedure. With proper treatment, most patients with glaucoma can prevent further damage to the optic nerve and preserve their vision.