Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgery used in the abdominal and pelvic areas. It uses a laparoscope with a camera at the end to see inside your body without opening it up. Laparoscopy Surgery allows your doctor to see inside your body in real time, without having to make large incisions. The doctor can also obtain biopsy samples during this procedure, as well as also perform surgery.
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About Laparoscopic Surgery
A laparoscopy is a way of surgery which is taken in use to identify and diagnose the pelvic or abdominal pain. It’s usually performed when noninvasive methods are unable to help with diagnosis.
It’s usually done for diagnostic purposes, to look for problems that imaging tests haven’t been able to identify. The surgeon may take tissue samples for biopsy during the exam.
Procedure of Laparoscopic Surgery
Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery, is a type of surgical procedure that uses small incisions and specialized instruments to perform surgery. The procedure involves inserting a laparoscope, a long thin tube with a camera and light on the end, through a small incision in the abdomen. This allows the surgeon to view the inside of the abdomen on a video monitor and perform surgery with small instruments inserted through other small incisions. The general steps of a laparoscopic surgery procedure are:
- Anesthesia: The patient is given general anesthesia, which puts them to sleep, or local anesthesia with sedation, which numbs the area and causes drowsiness.
- Incisions: The surgeon makes a small incision (usually less than one centimeter) near the surgical site to insert the laparoscope. Additional small incisions may be made to insert other instruments as needed.
- Inflation: The abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to create a space for the surgeon to work and to improve visualization.
- Visualization: The laparoscope is inserted through one of the incisions, allowing the surgeon to view the organs on a video monitor.
- Surgery: The surgeon uses specialized instruments inserted through the other incisions to perform the necessary surgery. The laparoscope allows the surgeon to see the surgical site clearly and perform the surgery with precision.
- Closure: After the surgery is complete, the instruments and laparoscope are removed, and the small incisions are closed with sutures or adhesive strips.
- Recovery: The patient is monitored in the recovery area until they are awake and alert. Most patients are able to go home the same day or the next day, depending on the type of surgery performed.
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