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Alcoholic Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver brought on by heavy and chronic alcohol usage is known as alcoholic hepatitis. Symptoms include fever, nausea, stomach pain, and jaundice. Overindulgence in alcohol causes inflammation, scarring, and liver damage. Blood testing, imaging, and occasionally liver biopsies are used in diagnosis. Alcohol cessation, a healthy diet, and medicine to control symptoms and avoid problems are all part of treatment. Hospitalization may be necessary in severe cases to provide supportive care and handle consequences like liver failure. If alcohol usage persists, alcoholic hepatitis can develop into cirrhosis, emphasizing the significance of prompt treatment and lifestyle modifications.

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About Alcoholic Hepatitis

Symptoms: Alcoholic hepatitis symptoms include jaundice (a yellowing of the skin and eyes), fever, exhaustion, feeling sick, throwing up, lack of appetite, and stomach pain and tenderness. Liver malfunction may also cause confusion or disorientation.

Causes: The primary root cause of alcoholic liver disease is excessive and extended alcohol consumption. Damage and inflammation are caused by the liver's metabolism of alcohol, especially in heavy drinkers. The onset and severity of the illness can also be influenced by variables including malnutrition and genetic predisposition.

Treatment: In order to prevent liver damage, alcohol drinking must be immediately stopped. Medical management consists of appropriate nutrition, steroids or pentoxifylline to minimize inflammation of the liver, and supportive care for managing symptoms. For individuals with advanced liver disease who do not respond to medical treatment, liver transplantation may be required in extreme circumstances.


Procedure of Alcoholic Hepatitis

Diagnosis: A thorough medical history and physical examination are the first steps in the process, with an emphasis on symptoms including liver malfunction, jaundice, and abdominal pain. Diagnosis confirmation can be aided by blood testing, imaging examinations such as CT or ultrasound scans, and occasionally liver biopsy.

Evaluation for Severity: Using scoring systems such as the Maddrey's Discriminant Function or Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, the severity of alcoholic hepatitis is evaluated in relation to the diagnostic results. Prognosis is predicted and treatment decisions are guided by this appraisal.

Alcohol Cessation: In order to stop liver damage and avoid more issues, alcohol drinking must be immediately stopped. To help them stop drinking, patients may be directed to support groups or addiction specialists.

Medical Management: In order to treat symptoms and complications, supportive care is provided. To lessen liver inflammation and avoid liver failure, this may entail giving drugs like pentoxifylline or corticosteroids.

Nutritional Support: For the treatment of alcoholic hepatitis, a healthy diet is essential. In order to combat malnutrition, a common consequence of long-term alcohol addiction, patients may receive nutritional advice and supplements.

Follow-up and Monitoring: Patients are constantly watched for any improvements in liver function, symptoms, and consequences. Appointments for follow-up are set up in order to evaluate therapy response and make any necessary management strategy adjustments.

Liver Transplantation (in severe cases): Liver transplantation may be deemed a life-saving measure in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis that is not responding to medication and has poor prognostic indications. If necessary, the process of evaluating a person for transplant eligibility and listing is started.


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